DEPARTMENT OF APPLIED CHEMISTRY & CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
UNIVERSITY OF DHAKA
Syllabus for MPhil/PhD Courses in Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering from the Academic Session 2012-2013
COURSES AND TITLES
|Course No.||Course Titles||Unit|
|ACCE-601||CHEMISTRY OF ORGANIC NATURAL PRODUCTS||1/2|
|ACCE-603||DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGY FOR CHEMICAL PROCESS INDUSTRIES||1/2|
|ACCE-604||CHEMICAL AND PROCESS INDUSTRIES OF BANGLADESH||1/2|
|ACCE-605||POLYMER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY||1/2|
|ACCE-606||MASS TRANSFER OPERATIONS||1/2|
|ACCE-608||CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERING||1/2|
|ACCE-610||PROCESS DESIGN AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING||1/2|
|ACCE-611||ENERGY TECHNOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT AND MANAGEMENT||1/2|
|ACCE-612||FOSSIL FUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION||1/2|
|ACCE-613||PETROLEUM REFINING ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY||1/2|
|ACCE-614||CLIMATE CHANGE STUDY||1/2|
|ACCE-615||BIOFUELS & BIOENERGY||1/2|
|ACCE-619||EARTH ATMOSPHERIC AND PLANETARY CHEMISTRY||1/2|
|ACCE-620||EARTH WATER AND SOIL CHEMISTRY||1/2|
|ACCE-621||WASTEWATER TREATMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION||1/2|
|ACCE-622||WASTE MANAGEMENT AND RECYCLING||1/2|
|ACCE-624||INTRODUCTION TO NANOTECHNOLOGY||1/2|
|ACCE-626||MACROMOLECULAR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING||1/2|
|ACCE-627||MEMBRANE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY||1/2|
|ACCE-628||SOFT MATTER CHEMISTRY||1/2|
|ACCE-629||NANOSTRUCTURED LAYER INORGANIC COMPOUNDS||1/2|
|ACCE-630||CONTROLLED POLYMER STRUCTURES||1/2|
Course No. ACCE-601 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Title: CHEMISTRY OF ORGANIC NATURAL PRODUCTS
- Carbohydrates: Introduction, Configuration of monosaccharides, ring structure of aldose and ketoses, determination of structure of monosaccharides, trisachharides, polysacharadies.
- Alkaloids: Introduction, occurrence, function of alkaloids, studies on phenylethylamine alkaloids, peridine alkaloids, piperidine alkaloids, quinolone, isoquinoline and phenanthrane alkaloids.
- Vitamins: Introductions, discovery and classification of vitamins, biological function of vitamins, chemistry of vitamin A, A1, B, B1, B2 complex, C, D, E, K and P, antivitamin.
- Antibiotics: Introduction, production and isolation of penicillin, streptomycin and chloramphenicol, synthetic penicillin, tetracycline and oxytetracycline
- Steroids and Hormones: Introduction, sterol, bile-acids, isolation, constitutions, functions and cardio active principles of bile-acids. Sex hormones, oestrogens hormones, gestogens hormones, androgens hormones, adrenal cortical, aldrostepine, non-steroid and plant hormones.
Course No. ACCE-602 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Title: ADVANCED SPECTROSCOPY
- Ultraviolet and Visible Spectra: The energy of electronic excitation, instrumentations, measurements of spectrum, vibrational fines structure, choice of solvent, solvent effects, conjugated dienes, and polyenes, ketones, aldehydes, unsaturated acids, esters, nitrodes amides: the benzene ring polycylic aromatic hydrocarbons: heterocyclic compounds.
- Infrared Spectra: Introduction, preparation of samples and examinations of infrared spectrophotometer, examination of Raman spectrometer, selection rules, correlation charts, absorption intransitives of single bands, triple bands and cumulated double bands, The aromatic overtone, groups absorption in the finger prints regions.
- Nuclear and Magnetic Resonance Spectra: Apparatus and sample handling nuclear spin and resonance measurement of spectral the intensity of NMR signals and integration factors effecting chemical shift spin-spin coupling to 13C, 1H-1H first order coupling the magnitude of 1H-1H coupling constants line broadening and environmental exchange the nuclear overhenson effect associating the signals from directly bonded 13C and 1
- Mass Spectra: Introduction instrumentation ion production ion analysis ion abundances-mass spectra, gas chromatography-mass spectral liquid chromatography-mass spectral specific ion monitoring and quantitative analysis.
- Atomic Absorption Spectrometry: Nebulization Flame and flame temperature interferences flame Spectrophotometric techniques used in industries.
- X-Methods: Production of X-ray and X-rays spectral instrumentation detectors for the measurement of X-rays; direct X-rays methods; X-rays adsorption methods X-rays fluorescence methods X-rays diffraction.
Course No. ACCE-603 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Title: DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGY FOR CHEMICAL PROCESS INDUSTRIES
- Technology and its importance to making. History of Development of Technology in different countries of the world. Advent of modern science and Technology Traditional and Emerging Technologies. Technology for the future.
- Technology for the Chemical and Process industries. Traditional methods of R & D for processes and plants. Typical case studies. e.g. Petrochemical Industries. High temperature and High pressure technologies. Power Generation Industries. Nuclear industries. Materials and methods for Space research. Energy conservation. Molecular Biology and Environmental Science and Technology.
- Modern trends in Development of Processes and Plants.
- Technology for developing countries.
- Technology for Human Welfare.
Course No. ACCE-604 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Name: CHEMICAL AND PROCESS INDUSTRIES OF BANGLADESH
- Materials and resources of Bangladesh and their utilization in the past. Present situation and future prospects.
- Study of Chemical and process industries of Bangladesh.
- Problems of CPI in Bangladesh and their solutions.
- Development of Indigenous Technology in Bangladesh.
- Responsibilities of the government, legislature and people for economic emancipation of the nation.
- Technology of paper making equipments engineering and technological aspects.
- Technology of Rayon manufacture. Different process equipments engineering and technological aspects.
- Wood chemicals: Destructive distillation separation and isolation of products, equipments engineering technological & environmental aspects.
Course No. ACCE-605 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Title: POLYMER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
- Polymer structures & physical properties.
- Polymerization techniques-polymerization condition and polymer reactions.
- Commercial polymer, olefin polymer, Polymers derived from dines, Vinyl and Vinylidene polymer, hetero-chain polymer. Thermosetting & thermoplastic polymers.
- Polymer processing:
- Plastic technology
- Fiber Technology
- Elastomer Technology.
- Engineering technological & environmental aspects of polymers
Course No. ACCE-606 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Title: MASS TRANSFER OPERATIONS
- Introduction to mass master processes. Phase equilibria. Basic theories of mass transfer diffusion of gases and liquids diffusion through stagnant layer and equimolar counter diffusion mass transfer between gas and liquid phases, mass transfer coefficients.
- Equilibrium stage operations Principles of stage processes calculation of stages by graphical methods and other short cur methods using Fenske, Underwood, Gilliand correlation computer aided methods multicomponent distillation azeotropic and extractive distillation.
- Continuous contact mass transfer: Packed and spray column gas absorption in packed column continuous liquid-liquid extraction columns calculation for multicomponent systems.
- Principles of simultaneous heat and mass transfer in humidification, drying evaporation and crystallization operations.
- Engineering/Technology from solar, wind, Mini-hydropower, Geothermal, Biomass. Methanol as fuel, fuel cells, Nuclear energy. Status of energy consumption in Bangladesh. Management of coal, petroleum and natural gas in Bangladesh. Environmental damage due to fossil fuels. CO2 emission and its management.
Course No. ACCE-607 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Title: SEPARATION PROCESSES
- Separation based on the motion of particles through fluids, Flow past a cylinder. The drag force, Terminal falling velocities, Motion of bubbles and drops, Motion of particles in a centrifugal field.
- Theory of flocculation, Kinetics of coagulation. Coagulation concentrations, Effect of flocculation on sedimentation.
- Gravity settling processes and Centrifugal settling processes, Equipments for mechanical separations: Gravity settling tanks, Classifiers, Thickeners, Centrifuges – basic configuration and industrial application.
- Principles of cake filtration, Centrifugal filtration, common filters, Cyclones, Performance and pressure drops in cyclones, Design of cyclones, Hydro cyclone.
Course No. ACCE-608 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Title: CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERING
- Conversion and Reactor Sizing: Design equations for batch systems, flow systems. Applications of the design equations.
- Design for Single and Multiple Reactions: Size comparison of single reactors, multiple-reactor system, recycle reactor, autocatalytic reactions. Treatment of multiple reactions. Maximizing the desired product in parallel reactions, series reactions, and series-parallel reactions. Net reaction rates and stoichiometry, multiple reactions in a plug flow reactor, in a CSTR.
- Kinetics of Homogeneous Reactions: Variables affecting rate, elementary and non-elementary reactions. Active intermediates, Pseudo-steady-state hypothesis, Rules of Thumb for development of mechanism, kinetic models. Hydrogen bromide reaction, interpretation of reactor data. Deducing the rate laws from the experimental observations and the model of reaction. Kinetics of polymerization reaction, polymer reactor design.
- Kinetics of Heterogeneous Reactions: Introduction to catalytic and non-catalytic reactions, steps in a catalytic reaction. Adsorption isotherms, surface reaction and desorption. Classical work of Ward and testing of models. Determination of a rate law, model of reaction and rate-limiting step. Experimental reactors and treatment of data. Design of moving bed, packed bed and fluidized bed reactors and reactors for non-catalyzed heterogeneous reactions.
- Multiphase reactors.
- Design and Analysis of Industrial Experiments: Optimization, development of mathematical models.
Course No. ACCE-609 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Title: PETROCHEMICALS
- Scope of petrochemical industry.
- Raw materials for the petrochemicals and their production. Feedstock identification Economic evaluation of feedstock as a source of petrochemicals.
- Theoretical basis, chemistry and technology of alkylation, halogenation, oxidation, hydrolysis, hydration, dehydration, esterification, amidation, sulphation, sulphonation, nitration, dehydrogenation and hydrogenation processes. Production of important petrochemicals based on the above mentioned unit processes.
- Synthesis based on carbon monoxide.
- Technology of polymers.
Course No. ACCE-610 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Title: PROCESS DESIGN AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
- Design and Efficiency improvement of major equipment’s of chemical industry: Rectification column, Pump, Boiler, Reactor.
- Computer–aided design. Process design development. Bangladesh experience in Process Plant Design. Patents. Process licensing. Project study – a case study in Bangladesh.
- Procurement for an engineering project. Evaluation of prequalification applications and bids and experience in Bangladesh. Environmental impact assessment while designing chemical industries – a case study in Bangladesh. Design of some major industrial effluent treatment systems. Exhaust gas treatment facility. Design development.
Course No. ACCE-611 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Title: ENERGY TECHNOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT AND MANAGEMENT
Energy Technology from solar, wind, Mini-hydropower, Geo-thermal, Biomass. Methanol as fuel. Fuel cells.Nuclear energy. Status of energy consumption in Bangladesh. Management of coal, petroleum and natural gas in Bangladesh. Environmental damage due to fossil fuels. CO2 emission and its management.
Course No. ACCE-612 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Title: FOSSIL FUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
Natural Gas Conversion Technology. Various products from natural gas. Bangladesh Perspective. Chemical reactions in the petroleum conversion processes and reaction mechanisms. Catalysts used in oil refining. Re-refining of used motor and locomotive engine oils. Petroleum refinery – environmental protection. Coal gasification, coal liquefaction, clean fuels from coal.
Course No. ACCE-613 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Title: PETROLEUM REFINING ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY
Evaluation of crude oils. Petroleum products from a refinery. Testing methods of petroleum products. Technology of refining and treating processes: cracking processes, reforming, hydrofining, Visbreaking, delayed coking. Technology for lube oil production. Refinery equipment’s. Corrosion and materials of construction. Theory and design of multicomponent separation systems for petroleum fractions.
Course No. ACCE-614 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Title: CLIMATE CHANGE STUDY
- The Earth’s Natural Greenhouse Effect. The Greenhouse Gases. CO2 Emissions. Impacts of climate change in Bangladesh. Mitigation of Climate Change. Energy efficiency improvements- CO2 emission reduction from major chemical industries in Bangladesh. Case studies for Fertilizer industry, Pulp & Paper industry, Textile industry, Pharmaceutical industry, Petroleum refinery. CO2 storage, CO2 conversion to useful chemicals.
- The Earth’s Carbon Reservoirs. Carbon Cycling: Some Examples. Climate and Weather. El Niño and the Southern Oscillation.
- Kyoto protocol, Montreal protocol, Climate Summit in Durban and Berlin, Earth Summit.
Course No. ACCE-615 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Title: BIOFUELS & BIOENERGY
- Bio-fuels: Importance, Types of Bio-fuels, Production processes and technologies, Bio fuel applications, Ethanol as a fuel for I.C. engines, Concept of Bioenergy : Photosynthesis process, Evaluation of different production alternatives to produce bioenergy; competitiveness of bioenergy alternatives in agriculture compared to other energy sources. Sustainable development and increased use of biofuels; government policies and programs with regard to biofuels. Biomass feedstocks production. Biofuels for transportation.
- Bioenergy in Developing Countries and Food Security: Balancing Food and Energy Security.
- Analysis of the potential of sustainable forest-based bioenergy for climate change mitigation
- Biomass gasification, liquefaction.
- Aerobic and anaerobic bioconversion processes, various substrates used to produce Biogas (cow dung, human and other agricultural waste, municipal waste etc.)
- Bio-hydrogen production.
- Bioethanol production from sucrose and starch.
Course No. ACCE-616 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Name: ADVANCED PHOTOCHEMISTRY
- Electronic Spectroscopy: Electromagnetic Radiation; Light Absorption; Molecular Orbital Models for Light Absorption; Electronic Transitions in Different type of Compounds; Selection Rule for Electronic Transition; The Franck-Condon Principle; Uv/vis-Spectra and Identification of Absorption Bands such as MLCT, IL, LLCT Bands; Solvatochromic Effect; Determination of HUMO-LUMO gap by UV/vis-spectroscopy.
- Photoluminescence (PL): Principles; Classification; Intersystem Crossings; Radiative and Non-radiative Decay; Stock’s Shift; Quantum Yield; Excited State Life-time; Different Types of PL-Quenching; Mechanism of PL-Quenching; Stern-Volmer Plot and its Implications; Modified Stern-Volmer Plot; Trace Level Detection of Environmental Pollutants by PL-Quenching.
- Host-Guest Chemistry: Basic Concepts of supramolecules and Host-Guest Interaction; Job’s Plot; Beneshi-Hildebrand Plot; Calculation of Binding Constant; Aggregation of Organic and Inorganic Molecules as Evident by UV/vis- and Emission Spectroscopy; Aggregation Induced Emission (AIE) and its Implication.
- Organic Photochemistry and Photophysics
Edited by: Vaidhyanathan Ramamurthy and Kirk Scanze, Publisher: Tailor & Francis, NY, 2006
- Excited States and Photochemistry
By: Martin Klessinger and Josef Michl, Publisher: VCH Inc, NY, 1995.
Course No. ACCE-617 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Title: ADVANCED MATERIALS
- Materials selection and properties: Factors affecting the selection of materials for engineering purposes, materials selection and design considerations. Materials classification, engineering requirements of materials, advanced materials and modern materials.
- Composite materials: Classification of composite materials, plastics and fiber reinforced composites, hybrid composites, structural composites, polymer-matrix composites, metal-matrix composites, carbon-carbon composites, concrete polymer composites.
- Magnetic and precious materials: Ferromagnetic, paramagnetic and diamagnetic materials, soft and hard magnetic materials, ferrites, silver, gold and platinum gold metals.
- Adhesive and insulating materials: Adhesion process, types of adhesives, bonding methods, epoxy resins and advantages of adhesives. Thermal, electrical and sound insulation, insulation materials such as mineral wool, cork rubber, mica and insulating varnishes.
- A Text Book of Material Sciences and Metallurgy by O.P. Khanna
- Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction, by William D. Callister, Jr.
Course No. ACCE-618 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Title: ADVANCED CHROMATOGRAPHY
- Principles and Development of Chromatography: Introduction, Theories of Chromatography Resolution in Chromatography, Separation Parameters.
- Microextraction: Principles, solvent free microextraction, purge and trap system, solid phase microextraction (SPME)
- Gas Chromatography: Principles, Instrumentations, Injection Systems, GC Columns, Stationary phases, Packed Column, Capillary Column, GC Detectors
- High Performance Liquid Chromatography: HPLC Instrumentation, Basics of Separation, Mobile Phase Effects, The Role of the Column, Gradient Elution Technique, Normal and Reversed Phase Chromatography (i) Adsorption and Partition Chromatography (ii) Bonded Phased Packing (iii) Reversed Phase and Hydrophobic Interaction Chromatography, Ion Pair and Ion Suppression Chromatography, LC Detectors, HPLC Applications
- Size Exclusion Chromatography: Gel Permeation Chromatography, Gel Filtration Chromatography, Ion Exchange and Ion Pair Chromatography, Affinity Chromatography,
- F. Poole, The Essence of Chromatography, 1st Edition, Elsevier, 2003.
- W. Dong, Modern HPLC for Practicing Scientists, Wiley-Interscience, 2006.
- S. Friz and D.T. Gjerde, Ion Chromatography, 3rd Ed., Wiley-VCH, 2007.
Course No. ACCE-619 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Title: EARTH ATMOSPHERIC AND PLANETARY CHEMISTRY
- The earth: Introduction, sources, sinks and transport, oxidation and transformation, observation and models.
- Chemical Composition: Earth atmosphere perspective, land, sea, and air-chemical composition, particles, aerosols and clouds, ozone, cyclic process, linking biosphere and atmosphere.
- Photochemistry and Kinetics Applied to Atmosphere: Photochemical changes, photochemical primary processes, adiabatic processes and the correlation rules, chemical kinetics, multistep reaction schemes. Models of atmospheric chemistry.
- Ozone’s in Earth Atmosphere: Introduction, observations, oxygen-only chemistry, and influences of trace constituents. Pollution of the stratosphere, ozone variations and trends, the Antarctic ozone hole.
- Chemistry of Extraterrestrial Atmosphere: Introduction, chemistry of Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto.
- Evaluation and Changes in Atmospheres Climates: Sources of atmospheric constituents, noble gases and nitrogen in planetary atmosphere, isotopic enrichments, evaluation of earth atmosphere, climates in the past and future. A doomed biosphere
Course No. ACCE-620 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Title: EARTH WATER AND SOIL CHEMISTRY
- Formation and early history of earth, abundance of the elements on the earth, differentiation of the elements, crystalline solids, bonding in solids, crystal structures, holes in closet packed ionic structures, minerals, silicates, atomic substitution in the silicates, secondary differentiation of the elements, ore deposits, renewable and nonrenewable natural resources, extraction of metals, environmental impact of metal extraction.
- Water Quality: The hydrologic cycle, sewage and wastes, sanitary sewage, sanitary sewage, treatments, effects of water pollution.
- Water Resources: Municipal water treatment, chemical coagulation of colloidal particles. The water supply and demand problem, chemistry of rain making, saline water and desalination. Vapor pressure of salt solutions, energy requirements in desalination, desalination by distillation, desalination by crystallization.
- Soil Chemistry: Chemical and biological activity in soil formation, organic matter, solid solution, soil air, soil nutrient, soil acidity and reactions, relation of soil acidity to fertility, micronutrients and soil fertility macronutrients in commercial fertilizers, soil pollution.
Course No. ACCE-621 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Name: WASTEWATER TREATMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
- Water Management: Sources of water pollution, Use and conservation of water resources, Water quality management, Rainwater harvesting, Recharging aquifers with treatment wastewater, Sea water for agriculture, Water management in industries, and Remedial measures of water pollution.
- Wastewater Treatment and Design: Characterization and degree of treatment of wastewater, Treatment of wastewater, Sludge treatment and disposal, Low cost wastewater treatment systems & their design, New concepts in biological wastewater treatment.
- Protection and Purification of Water: Prevention of water pollution, How to make best use of water, Potability of water, Removal of coarse, dispersed and colloidal impurities from water; Contact and electrochemical coagulation, Modified lime soda process, Magnetic treatment of water; Self purification of natural water, Analysis of water pollutants.
- Advanced Wastewater Treatment Systems: Advanced biological systems, Chemical oxidation, Carbon adsorption, Ion exchange, Membrane processes, Land treatment systems, Recovery of materials from process effluents.
- Biotechnological Method and its Application in Environmental Protection: Environment and biotechnology, Bacteriological examination of water, Bacteriological test, Biotechnological methods of pollution detection and abatement, Treatment of sewage with microorganisms, Biotechnology and biodegradation, Bioremediation, Environmental biotechnology in 21st.
Course No. ACCE-622 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 hours
Course Name: WASTE MANAGEMENT AND RECYCLING
- Management of Solid Wastes: Solid waste terminology; Sources, Quantities, and effects; Physical and Chemical characteristics; Solid waste collection and transportation; Implication of solid waste management and reduction; Disposal of solid wastes, Waste management-the technological approach, New technique to treat industrial and farm effluents, Waste management in Bangladesh.
- Hazardous Waste Management: Nature and sources of hazardous wastes, Types of hazardous wastes, Dioxins, Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), Health effects; Reduction, treatment and disposal of hazardous wastes, Hazard identification, Hazardous waste treatment technologies, Hazard management, Risk reducing measures, The environmental challenge facing the chemical industry.
- Biomass Energy and Environment: Conventional and non conventional sources of energy, Biomass based energy, Biomass production and its utilization for thermal or electrical power, Technologies for using biomass, Biogas from animal and crop waste, More efficient biogas plants, Cleaner (environment friendly) technology to make biogas, Bio-fertilizers.
- Wastes Recycling Techniques: Utilizing agricultural waste, Cellulosic wastes into sugars-a new methods, Particle board from rice husk, Jute wastes into paper and board, Medicines from agricultural wastes, Liquid fuels from agricultural waste, Fuel from plastic waste, Recycling of PET bottles, Plastic recycling techniques.
Course No. ACCE-623 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 Hours
Course Title: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
- Objectives and types of research: Motivation and objectives, Types of research: Descriptive vs. Analytical, Applied vs. Fundamental, Quantitative vs. Qualitative, Conceptual vs. Empirical. Significance of research problems encountered by researchers in Bangladesh.
- Research formulation: Defining and formulating the research problem, Importance of literature review in defining a problem, literature review and its sources.
- Research design and methods: Basic Principles, Features of good design, important concepts relating to research design, Observation and Facts, Laws and Theories, Prediction and explanation, Induction, Deduction, Development of Models. Developing a research plan, Exploration, Description, Diagnosis, Experimentation, Determining experimental and sample designs.
- Data Collection and analysis: Execution of the research, Observation and Collection of data, Methods of data collection, Sampling Methods, Data Processing and Analysis strategies, Data Analysis with Statistical Packages, Definition, testing of hypothesis, Parametric and non-parametric tests for testing of hypothesis, Limitations of tests of hypothesis.
- Reporting and thesis writing: Structure and components of scientific reports, Types of report, Technical reports and thesis, Different steps in the preparation, Layout, structure and Language of typical reports, Illustrations and tables, Bibliography, referencing and footnotes, Oral presentation, Planning, Preparation, Practice, Making presentation.
- Application of results and ethics: Environmental impacts, Ethical issues, Copy right, royalty, Intellectual property rights and patent law, Reproduction of published material, Plagiarism, Citation and acknowledgement, Reproducibility and accountability.
- Garg, B.L., Karadia, R., Agarwal, F. and Agarwal, U.K., 2002. An introduction to Research Methodology, RBSA Publishers.
- Kothari, C.R., 1990. Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques. New Age International. 418p.
- Sinha, S.C. and Dhiman, A.K., 2002. Research Methodology, Ess Publications.
- Web source
Course No. ACCE-624 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 Hours
Course Title: INTRODUCTION TO NANOTECHNOLOGY
- Introduction: Nanotechnology Timeline and Milestones, Overview of different nanomaterials available, Potential uses of nanomaterials in electronics, robotics, computers, and sensors in textiles, sports equipment, mobile electronic devices, vehicles and transportation. Medical applications of nanomaterials.
- Nanomaterials (Nanoparticles, nanoclusters, quantum dots synthesis): Preparation and Characterization: “Top-Down” and “Bottom-Up” approaches of nanomaterial (nanoparticles, nanoclusters and quantum dots) synthesis: Top-down techniques: photolithography, particle-beam lithographies (e-beam, FIB, shadow mask evaporation), probe lithographies, Bottom-up techniques: self-assembly, self-assembled monolayers, directed assembly, layer-by-layer assembly. Pattern replication techniques: soft lithography, nanoimprint lithography.
- Characterization Techniques Related to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology: Compositional surface analysis: XPS, SIMS, Contact angles. Microscopies: optical microscopy, fluorescence, TEM, SEM, Probe techniques: Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), Atomic force microscopy (AFM). Neutron Scattering and XRD, Spectroscopic Techniques: UV-visible, FT-IR, Raman, NMR, ESR.
- Nanotechnology in Energy Conversion and Storage : Improvements in solar energy conversion and storage; better energy-efficient lighting; stronger and lighter materials that will improve energy transportation efficiency; use of low-energy chemical pathways to break down toxic substances for remediation and restoration; and better sensors and controls to increase efficiency in manufacturing and processing.
Course No. ACCE-625 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 Hours
Course Title: CARBON NANOMATERIAL
- The Nanoscale Materials: Carbon based nanomaterials- Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), Graphene, Nanoparticles, Biomaterials & Nanobiotechnology, Nanowires, Quantum dots, Organic-Inorganic hybrids- Nano ZnO, TiO2 nanoparticles, Silicon, Gold nanoparticles, Nanocomposits.
- Properties of Nanomaterials: Surface to volume ratio, thermal, optical, mechanical, electrical, magnetic properties, super plastic behavior of nanomaterials.
- Carbon Nanotube Technologies: Classification- single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT), multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNT), synthesis and purification of carbon nanotubes, physical properties, structure-property relationship.
- Energy Storage: Fuel Cells, Carbon Nanotubes for energy storage, Hydrogen Storage in Carbon Nanotubes, Use of nanoscale catalysts to save energy and increase the productivity in industry, Rechargeable batteries based on nanomaterials.
- Applications of Nanomaterials: Electronic applications, Biological applications, Medical devices.
Course No. ACCE-626 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 Hours
Course Title: MACROMOLECULAR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
- Introduction to Macromolecular Science and Engineering: Definition of macromolecules, Science and engineering of large molecules, Correlation of molecular structure and properties of polymers in solution and in bulk, General synthesis of macromolecules, Common properties of macromolecules, Applications of macromolecules in modern civilization.
- Macromolecules Structure and Morphology: Introduction of macromolecules structure morphology and their applications, Crystalline structures of industrially important macromolecules and typical polymer crystalline morphology, Defects in crystalline macromolecules, Phase structure and transitions of liquid crystals and liquid crystalline macromolecules, including both thermotropic and lyotropic liquid crystals, Nanostructure and morphology of block copolymers.
- Polymer Rheology: Flow behavior of polymeric and colloidal systems, Rheometry and experimental methods used to study non-Newtonian, Viscoelastic properties of polymeric fluids. Theoretical descriptions and practical applications of polymer rheology.
- Hyperbranched Polymers: Introduction, History of hyperbranched polymers, Synthesis methodology, ‘A2 + B3’ methodology, Couple-monomer methodology, Modification of hyperbranched polymers, Application of hyperbranched polymers.
- Macromolecules in Advanced Composite and Nanocomposite Materials and Interfaces: Advanced concepts in composite material structures, Importance of interface on the property development, Rheological background to be able to manufacture optimized materials, and appropriate processing techniques to choose for a specific product to be manufactured.
- Macromolecules in Medicine: Important fundamentals and applications of polymers in medicine, Blood and soft-tissue reactions to polymer implants, Structure, characterization and modification of biomedical polymers, Application of polymers in a broad range of cardiovascular and extravascular devices. Chemical and physical characteristics of biomedical polymers, Basic requirements of biomedical polymers, clinical evaluation, including recent advances and current problems associated with different polymer implants.
Course No. ACCE-627 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 Hours
Course Title: MEMBRANE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Introduction. The membrane transport mechanisms. Materials and structures of synthetic membranes. Porous membranes. Zeolite membranes. Fluxes and driving forces in membrane separation processes. Chemical and electrochemical equilibrium in membrane systems. Osmotic equilibrium, osmotic pressure, osmosis and reverse osmosis. Principles of membrane separation processes. The principle of gas separation. The principle of dialysis. The principle of electrodialysis. The principle of membrane contactors. Membrane filtration processes. Membrane fouling. Membrane preparation and characterization. Preparation of composite membranes. Techniques used for the preparation of polymeric composite membranes. Preparation of inorganic composite membranes. Membrane applications in water treatment. Membrane bioreactor for wastewater treatment. Integrated process for municipal wastewater treatment. Recovery of caustic with NF membranes. Application of membrane technology in food industry, pharmaceutical and biotechnology industry.
- Heiner Strathmann, Lidietta Giorno, Enrico Drioli. An Introduction to Membrane Science and Technology. Consiglio Nazionale Delle Richerche, Institute on Membrane Technology, CNR-ITM, University of Calabria, Italy, 394, 2006.
- Atkins P.W. Physical Chemistry, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 1990.
- Mulder M. Basic Principles of Membrane Technology, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, II Edition 1996.
- Noble R.D., Stern S.A. Membrane Separations Technology, Principles and Applications, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1995.
- Ho W., Sirkar K.K. Membrane Handbook, van Nostran Reinhold, New York, 1992.
Course No. ACCE-628 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 Hours
Course Title: SOFT MATTER CHEMISTRY
- Introduction: (What is soft condensed matter? Soft matter-an overview)
- Polymer Properties: The variety of polymeric materials, Random walks and the dimensions of polymeric chains, Rubbery elasticity and viscoelasticity in polymers.
- Colloidal Dispersions: A single colloidal particle in a liquid-Stockes’ law and Brownian motion (Stokes’ law, Brownian motion and the Einstein equation), Forces between colloidal particles
- Gelation: Classes of gel (chemical gel, physical gel), the theory of gelation (the percolation theory, the classical theory of gelation- the Flory-Stockmayer model, non-classical exponents in the percolation model, the elasticity of gels)
- Supramolecular Self-assembly in Soft Matter: Self-assembled phases in solutions of amphiphilic molecules, Self-assembly in polymers (phase separation in polymer mixtures and the polymer/polymer interface, microphase separation in copolymers, Block copolymer phase diagram)
Course No. ACCE-629 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 Hours
Course Title: NANOSTRUCTURED LAYER INORGANIC COMPOUNDS
- Polymer-Layered Nanocomposites: Structure and properties of organically modified layered silicate, Types of nanocomposites, Types of polymers used for nanocomposites preparation with layered silicates, Techniques used for the characterization of nanocomposites, Preparative methods and morphological study, Nano composite properties
- Layered Double Hydroxides (LDH): Structural description. Preparation of LDHs, Coprecipitation method, The urea method, Induced Hydrolysis, Salt-oxide method, Comparison of preparative methods, Modification of LDHs: Anionic exchange. Naturally occurring LD
- Synthesis and Modification of a Mg/Al Hydrotalcite-like Compound: Preparation of a Mg/Al hydrotalcite-like compound (Mg/Al-LDH), Synthesis of the carbonate form: MgAlCO3, Synthesis of the chloride form: MgAlCl, Synthesis of the nitrate form: MgAlNO3, Structural characterization of the three LDH forms: MgAlCO3, MgAlCl, MgAlNO
- Intercalation of Pharmaceutical Molecules in Hydrotalcite-like Compound: Intercalation of active molecules, Intercalation of Diclofenac (DIK) into HTlc-Cl, Intercalation of Chloramphenicol succinate (CFS) into HTlc-NO3, Chemical and Structural Characterization, Diclofenac uptake curve, Thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray analysis, Structural Model.
Course No. ACCE-630 (1/2 Unit), Time: 3 Hours
Course Title: CONTROLLED POLYMER STRUCTURES
- Introduction: General background, Controlled radical polymerization, Mechanism of Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization, Click reaction in polymer science, Block copolymer self-assembly
- Synthesis and Characterization of Various Polymers Prepared by Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization: Fabrication of functional polymers grafted micro-porous cellulose beads through ATRP, Atom transfer radical polymerization of 1-(2-acryloyloxyundecyl)-3-methylimidazolium bromide, Synthesis and characterization of tri-functional initiator, Synthesis and characterization of tri-arm poly(NIPAAm) homopolymer, Synthesis and characterization of tri-arm poly(NIPAAm-b-HEAAm) diblock copolymer.
- Aqueous Dispersion Properties of Thermoresponsive Polymers: Dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements, Dispersion properties of tri-arm block copolymers, Fluorescence measurements, Investigation of monomeric species of 1-pyrenecarboxaldehyde fluorescence dye in aqueous solution, Dispersion properties of tri-arm poly(NIPAAm-b-HEAAm) with fluorescence measurements.
Interfacial Click Reaction to Form Novel Materials: Synthesis and characterization of poly(hydroxyazidopropylmethylacrylate) through ATRP, Synthesis and characterization of poly(propargyl methacrylate) through ATRP, Interfacial click reaction, SEM observation of films and mechanical gel.