Syllabus for Master of Science (MS)

DEPARTMENT OF APPLIED CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (ACCE)

UNIVERSITY OF DHAKA, DHAKA-1000, BANGLADESH

 

Master of Science (MS) in Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering from the Academic Sessions: 2013-2014 onward.

Master of Science in ACCE
Course Code Course Title Credits
ACCE-501 Chemical Engineering 3.0
ACCE-502 Energy Conversion Engineering & Environment 3.0
ACCE-503 Advanced Chemical Engineering Kinetics & Reactor Design 3.0
ACCE-504 Advanced Polymer Sciences and Biomaterials 3.0
ACCE-505 Food Processing Engineering and Technology 3.0
ACCE-506 Textile Fibers and Dyeing Technology 3.0
ACCE-507 Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 3.0
ACCE-508 Biochemical Engineering 3.0
ACCE-509 Thesis/ACCE Lab 10.0
ACCE-510 Industrial Training (In Plant Training) 4.0
Viva Voce 2.0
Total Credits 40.0

 

ACCE-501: Chemical Engineering                         

  • Equilibrium Stage Operations: Principles of stage processes; calculation of stages by graphical methods and other short cut methods using Fenske, Underwood, Colburn and Gilliland correlation; binary distillation, x-y diagrams; multicomponent distillation-phase equilibria and concept of key components, pinch point etc.; calculation of multicomponent system; design calculations, theoretical analysis. Azeotropic and extractive distillation. Distillation equipments; Plate and packed towers. Design procedures.
  • Multistage Counter Current Gas Absorption: Calculation of theoretical stages in absorption column; graphical design procedure; multicomponent absorber and stripper; absorption in single equilibrium stage; continuous differential-contact packed column design.
  • Equilibrium in Ternary System: Equilateral triangular coordinates and rectangular coordinates; liquid-liquid extraction calculations-solvent free basis; system of three liquids- one pair partially soluble/two pairs partially soluble; continuous countercurrent extraction with reflux; multicomponent system.
  • Continuous Contact Mass Transfer Equipment: Packed and spray columns and other special designed columns; gas absorption in packed column; continuous liquid-liquid extraction columns.

Reference Books:

  1. Treybal R.E., Mass Transfer Operations, McGraw Hill
  2. McCabe W.L., Smith J.C. & Harriott P., Unit Operations in Chemical Engineering, McGraw Hill
  3. Seader J.D. & Henley E.J Separation Process Principles Wiley India
  4. Coulson J.M. & Richardson J.F., Chemical Engineering, Vol. II, ELBS, Pergamon
  5. Foust A.S. et al, Principles of Unit Operations, John Wiley
  6. D. Holland: Multi-component distillation.
  7. Van Vincle : Distillation.
  8. D. Smith: Design of Equilibrium Stage Processes.
  9. Sawistowski and W. Smith: Mass Transfer Process Calculations.
  10. Sherwood, Pigford and Wilke: Mass Transfer.

 

ACCE-502: Energy Conversion Engineering & Environment               

  • Introduction to Energy Conversion: Energy outlook of Bangladesh: present and future energy demand and supply; potential reserve; energy policy.
  • Petroleum in Bangladesh and it’s Processing in the ERL: Advanced knowledge on petroleum refining processes; lubricating oil preparation technology; petroleum products and their distributions in Bangladesh; LPG.
  • Natural Gas: Introduction, natural gas conversion and effective utilization of natural gas in Bangladesh, CNG.
  • Climate Change: The role of fossil fuel use; energy options in the future.
  • Carbon dioxide capture and storage from Fossil fuel use; carbon capture sources; CO2 capture processes from power production.
  • Nuclear Energy: Nuclear processes; neutron interactions: scattering, absorption, fission; thermal & fast neutrons; reactor components; classification of reactors; nuclear fuel cycle: enrichment, fabrication, reprocessing;  importance of heavy water; waste disposal; basic requirements for nuclear fusion; possible routes to fusion power; fusion hybrid; cold fusion; objectives of R&D in nuclear energy.
  • Solar Energy: Solar radiation and its measurement; solar collectors; solar thermal energy storage systems; solar water heating; solar space heating & cooling; solar distillation; solar pumping; solar cooking; solar greenhouses, solar production of hydrogen; solar photovoltaic (PV) system; efficiency of solar cells; semiconductor materials for solar cells; applications of PV system; PV hybrid system.
  • Biomass Energy: Photosynthesis; biomass conversion technologies; biogas production; classification of biogas plants; raw materials; fuel properties of bio gas; bio gas plant technology & status; community biogas plants; problems involved in bio gas production; bio gas applications; biomass gasification; energy recovery from urban waste; power generation from liquid waste; biomass cogeneration; energy plantation.
  • Wind Energy: Basic principles of wind energy conversion; wind energy conversion systems (WECS); types of wind machines and their characteristics; horizontal and vertical axis wind mills; coefficient of performance of a wind mill rotor; aerodynamic considerations in wind mill design; site selection considerations of a wind mill; wind energy farms; applications of wind energy; safety and environmental aspects.
  • Hydrogen Energy: Introduction; production methods of hydrogen; hydrogen storage; hydrogen transportation; utilization of hydrogen; hydrogen as an alternative fuel for motor vehicles.

 

ACCE-503: Advanced Chemical Engineering Kinetics and Reactor Design

  • Kinetics of Homogeneous Reactions: Variables affecting rate, elementary and nonelementary reactions; active intermediates; pseudo-steady-state hypothesis; rules of thumb for development of mechanism; kinetic models; hydrogen bromide reaction; interpretation of reactor data; deducing the rate laws from the experimental observations and the model of reaction. Homogeneous catalytic reactions; Chain reactions; Series, parallel and series, parallel reactions; enzymatic reactions.
  • Kinetics of Heterogeneous Reactions: Introduction to catalytic and non-catalytic reactions; steps in a catalytic reaction; adsorption isotherms, surface reaction and desorption; classical work of Ward and testing of models; determination of a rate law, model of reaction and rate-limiting step; experimental reactors and treatment of data; design of moving bed, packed bed and fluidized bed reactors and reactors for uncatalysed heterogeneous reactions.
  • Kinetics of Homogenous Complex Reaction: Kinetics of Fluid-solid and fluid-fluid catalytic and non-catalytic reactions; Heterogenous catalysis, Reaction and Diffusion with porous catalyst, solid catalysed reactions, Mass and heat transfer in catalytic beds; Non-ideal reactor performance. Design of stirred reactors; Bubble column reactors, Slurry reactors, adiabatic and programmed reactors. Heterogeneous processes; Catalysis and adsorption; Classification and preparation of catalysts; Promoters and inhibitors. Catalyst characterization: Surface area and pore size distribution; Introduction to other charaterization techniques (XRD, electron microscopy, electron spectroscopy, thermal analysis, desorption spectroscopy.
  • Design for Single Reactions: Size comparison of single reactors, multiple-reactor system, recycle reactor, autocatalytic reactions.
  • Design for Multiple Reactions: Treatment of multiple reactions; maximizing the desired product in parallel reactions, series reactions, series-parallel reactions; net reaction rates and stoichiometry; multiple reactions in a plug flow reactor, in a CSTR.
  • Design and Analysis of Industrial Experiments: Optimization; development of mathematical models.
  • Modeling of Multi-phase Reactors; Dynamic behavior of chemical reactors, Reactor optimization and scale up.

Reference Books:

  1. Levenspiel O., Chemical Reaction Engineering, John Wiley
  2. Fogler H.S., Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering, Prentice Hall of India
  3. Smith J.M., Chemical Engineering Kinetics, McGraw Hill
  4. Hill C.G., An Introduction to Chemical Engineering Kinetics & Reactor Design, John Wiley

 

ACCE-504: Advanced Polymer Sciences and Biomaterials

  • Molecular Weight of Polymers: Weight average, number average molecular weight, sedimentation and viscosity average molecular weights, practical significance of molecular weights, and size of polymer molecules. Experimental methods for molecular weight determination; end group analysis, membrane osmometry, light scattering method, viscometry (oswald/digital viscometer) method, intrinsic viscosity, Mark Howink equation, and gel permeation chromatographic technique. Polymer fractionation, fractional precipitation technique, extraction technique, gradient elution technique and molecular weight distribution curve.
  • Polymer Solution: Factors affecting polymer solubility, orientation treatment, solubility of polymers, glass transition temperature, polymer degradation, effect of reinforcement on the properties. Criteria for polymer solubility, solubility parameter, and thermodynamics of polymer solutions, entropy, enthalpy, and free energy change of mixing of polymers solutions, Flory-Huggins theory, Lower and Upper critical solution temperatures.
  • Structure and Properties of Polymer: Morphology in crystalline polymers; polymeric liquids, state of polymeric liquids, rheology & the mechanical properties of polymers; soft matter, complex fluids, relaxation time, dimensionless numbers, theta temperature, viscoelasticity, creep and stress relaxation, viscoelastic properties of amorphous polymer, Hooke’s law, Maxwell model, Voigt model, maxwell-weichert model. Configurations of polymer chains, order in crystalline polymers, crystal structure of polymers, crystallization and melting. Polymer structure and physical properties- crystalline melting point, melting points of homogeneous series, effect of chain flexibility and other steric factors, entropy and heat of fusion.
  • Controlled Polymer Structures: General background, controlled radical and living radical polymerization (ATRP and RAFT), mechanism of atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) and radical addition fragmentation transfer (RAFT) and surface initiated radical polymerization, click reaction in polymer science, graft and block copolymers and polymer self-assembly.
  • Analysis and Testing of Polymers: chemical analysis of polymers, spectroscopic methods, X-ray diffraction study, microscopy. Thermal analysis and physical testing-tensile strength. Fatigue, impact, and tear resistance, hardness and abrasion resistance.
  • Polymers in Tissue Replacement: Hard tissue; orthopedic implants (hip, knee), dental implants. Soft tissue; skin implant, burn (wound), dressings/ synthetic skin, dialysis membranes, scaffolds, vascular implants, heart valve implants, artificial kidneys and livers. Biomaterials for gene delivery. Hydrogel as stimuli-sensitive biomaterials, ophthalmologic implants, biomaterials for drug delivery. Blood and tissue compatibility of biomaterials and their in vitro and in vivo assessment. Mineralization and encrustation, microbial, biofilm formation, bacterial adhesion toxicology, degradation of biomaterials in biological environments, toxicity of biomaterials, acute and chronic toxicity studies.

Reference Books:

  1. Billmeyer F.W., Text book of Polymer Science, John Wiley.
  2. Gowariker V.R., Polymer Science, New Age.
  3. Shah V.H., Handbook of Plastic Testing Technology
  4. Rodrigues F., Principles of Polymer Systems, Tata Mc Graw Hill
  5. Premamoy Ghosh., Polymer Science and Technology, Tata Mc Graw Hill.
  6. Ratner, Hoffman,Schoen Biomaterial science- an introduction to materials in medicine Academic press
  7.  Park .J.B. Biomaterials- science and engineering, Plenum press
  8. Sharma C.P., Szycher.M Blood compatible materials and devices Technomic publishing company
  9.  R.M. Johnson, R.M. Mwaikambo, Tucker Biopolymers Rapra Technology
  10. Web Source

 

ACCE-505: Food Processing Engineering and Technology

  • Introduction: General aspects of food industry, world food needs and Bangladesh situation, constituents of food, quality and nutritive aspects, food additives, standards, deteriorative factors and their control, preliminary processing methods, conversion and preservation operations.
  • Food Preservation: Preservation by heat and cold, dehydration, concentration, frying, irradiation, micro wave heating, sterilization and pasteurization, fermentation and pickling and by various packing methods.
  • Production and Utilization of Food Products: Cereal grains, pulses, vegetables, spices, fats and oils, bakery, confectionery and chocolate products.
  • Food Processing: Soft and alcoholic beverages, dairy products, meat, poultry and fish products, treatment and disposal of food processing wastes.
  • Food Analysis: Moisture, ash, crude protein, fat, crude fiber, carbohydrates, calcium, potassium, sodium and phosphate. Food adulteration; common adulterants in food, contamination of food stuffs, microscopic examination of foods for adulterants. Pesticide analysis in food products. Extraction and purification of sample; HPLC, gas chromatography for organophosphates; thin-layer chromatography for identification of chlorinated pesticides in food products.

Reference Books:

  1. Heid J.L. & Joslyn M. A., Fundamentals of Food Processing Operations, AVI Pub.
  2. Potter N.N., Food Science, AVI Pub.
  3. Waston E.L., Elements of Food Engineering, Van Nostrand-Reinhold.
  4. Ronsivalli L.J., Elementary Food Science, Van Nostrand-Reinhold.
  5. Considine D.M., Considine G.D. & Considine P.E., Foods & Food Production Encyclopedia, Van Nostrand-Reinhold.
  6. Goldberg , Biotechnology & Food Ingredients, Van Nostrand-Reinhold.

 

ACCE-506: Textile Fibers and Dyeing Technology

  • Introduction: Classification of textile fibers according to their nature and origin, Essential and desirable properties of textile fibers, Staple fiber and continuous filaments, Comparison of natural and manmade fibers.
  • Natural Fibers: Vegetable based fibers (bast, leaf and seed fibers), Cotton: Concept of varieties, Definition of grading, Distinctive properties and end uses. Jute and Flax; varieties, distinctive properties and end uses.
  • Animal Based Fibers: Wool; classification, distinctive properties and end uses; Silk: classification, distinctive properties and end uses.
  • Man-made Fibers: Classification, Regenerated fibers: acetate, viscose & cuprammonium- general properties, end uses. Synthetic fibers: Principles of polycondensation with reference to polyesters, polyamides and polyurethanes, principles of polyaddition with reference to acrylics, polyolefins, polyvinyl chlorides and co-polymers, chemical properties & end uses of polyester, polyamide and poly acrylonitrile fibers.
  • Yarn Manufacturing and Numbering Systems: Introduction to yarn manufacturing, principles of melt spinning, dry spinning and wet spinning, numbering systems; direct and Indirect system, British, Tex, Denier systems.
  • Textile Dyes: Concepts and theories of colored substances, visible color, chromophores and auxochromes, qualities desirable for a dye, sources of dyes, nomenclature and classification of dyes, selection of dyes, and synthesis of some reactive and direct dyes.
  • Chemistry and Operation of Dyes: Exhaustion and Fixation of dyes, Kinetics of dyeing, effect of dye concentration, electrolyte, temperature, pH, machine and agitation time on dye uptake, chemistry of reactive, direct, mordant and vat dyeing. Dyeing operations with preparation of fibre and fabrics (mercerization, scouring, desizing, washing etc), details of dyeing techniques, conditions and bath preparations.
  • Finishing and Testing: Mechanical finishing of cotton, application of resins for finishing, properties imparted by finishing operation, single-bath dyeing and finishing, finishing of silk, wool and linen, special finishing operations. Methods of determining wash, light and rubbing fastness, Evaluation of fastness properties with the help of grey scale.

Reference Books:

  1. Manmade Fibres by R.W. Moncrieff.
  2. Textile Chemistry, Vol. I, by R.H. Peters.
  3. Handbook of Fiber Science and Technology, Vol. IV, Fiber Chemistry by M. Lewin and E.M. Peare.
  4. Man-made Fibres Science and Technology, Vol. 1,2,3,by H.F. Mark, S.M. Atlas and E. Cernia,
  5. Polyester Fibres Chemistry and Technology by H. Ludwig,
  6. Textbook of Polymer Science by F.W. Billmeyer.
  7. Chemical Technology of Fibrous Materials: F. Sadov, M. Korchagin, A. Matetsky, Translated by N. Chernyshova, Mir Publishers, Moscow, 1973.
  8. Series of Textile Technology: V. A. Sheni.

 

ACCE-507: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

  • Introduction to Nanotechnology: Importance of nanotechnology, history of nano technology, properties of nanomaterials, difference between bulk and nanomaterial, molecular building blocks for nanostructure systems. Influence of Nano structure on mechanical, optical, electronic, magnetic and chemical properties. Overview of different nanomaterials available, nanoscale, electromagnetic spectrum, particle size, chemistry and physics of nanomaterials, electronic phenomenon in nanostructures, optical absorption in solids, quantum effects.
  • Nanomaterials Synthesis: “Top-Down” and “Bottom-Up” approaches of nanomaterial (nanoparticles, nanoclusters and quantum dots) synthesis. Top-down techniques: photolithography, particle-beam lithographies (e-beam, FIB, shadow mask evaporation), probe lithographies. Bottom-up techniques: self-assembly, self-assembled monolayers, directed assembly, layer-by-layer assembly. Pattern replication techniques: soft lithography, nanoimprint lithography. Quantum dots, gold, silver, different types of nano-oxides, Al2O3, TiO2, ZnO etc. Carbon nanotubes, preparation properties and applications like field emission displays.
  • Characterization Techniques Related to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology: Compositional surface analysis; XPS, SIMS, contact angles. Microscopies; optical microscopy, fluorescence, TEM, SEM, Probe techniques; scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), Neutron Scattering and XRD. Spectroscopic Techniques; UV-visible, FT-IR, Raman, NMR, ESR.
  • Application of Nanomaterials: Molecular motors, energy storage, electronic-nano particles for molecular diagnostics, nano biosensors, nanopharmaceuticals, nanoparticle-based drug delivery, nanostructures for tissue engineering/regenerative medicine etc. Ethical safety and regulatory issues of nanomedicine.
  • Handling, Safety and Hazard of Nanomaterials Processing: Safety precautions at lab and manufacturing level; Temperature-Pressure and other physical effects. Effect of nanomaterial exposure on human and living stock, long term and short term effects-Case studies of Titania-Asbestos and Carbon-nanoparticle exposure. Effect of Nanoparticles on air, water and soil; food and food supplements and cosmetics

Reference Books:

  1. Nanocomposite science and technology, Pulikel M. Ajayan, Wiley-VCH 2005
  2. Nanolithography and patterning techniques in microelectronics, David G. Bucknall, Wood head publishing 2005
  3. Transport in Nanostructures, D.K. Ferry and S.M. Goodmick, Cambridge university press 1997.
  4. Micro and Nanofabrication, Zheng Cui, Springer 2005
  5. Nanostructured materials, Jackie Y. Ying, Academic press 2001
  6. Nanotechnology and nanoelectronics, W.R, Fahrner, Springer 2005
  7. Nanoengineering of structural, functional and smart materials, Mark J. Schulz, Taylor& Francis 2006.
  8. Hand book of Nano science, Engineering, and Technology, William A. Goddard, CRC press 2003.
  9. Nanotechnology Environmental health and Safety: Risks Regulation and Management, Matthew Hull and Diana Bowman, Elsevier 2010
  10. Nanomaterials : Risks and Benefits., Edited by Igor Linkov and Jeffery Steevens, Nato Science for Peace and Security Series-C,: Environmental Security, Springer 2009.
  11. Web source

 

ACCE-508: Biochemical Engineering

  • Introduction to Biochemical Engineering: Comparison of chemical and biochemical processes. Microbiology; general idea on structure of cells (prokaryotes and eukaryotes) and cell theory. Classification of microorganisms (protist kingdom) and their morphological characteristics e.g. Bacteria, blue; green algae, actinomycetes, fungi (mold, yeasts), protozoa (primitive animals) and algae (primitive plants). Biochemistry; study of structure, properties and functions of important cell chemicals like lipids( fatty acids, fats, vitamins, steroids, phospholipids) and carbohydrates, proteins and nucleic acids. Molecular genetics; concept and definition, process of gene expression; DNA replication and mutation, recombinant DNA technology, prospects of genetic engineering.
  • Sterilization: Media and air, methods. Stoichiometry of growth and product formation. Fermentation; energy-balance, mixing in fermenters, role of shear in stirred fermenters, role of diffusion in bioprocessing, oxygen uptake in cell cultures, oxygen transfer in fermenters, cell disruption.
  • Enzyme: Classification, comparison of enzymes with synthetic catalysts, kinetics of enzyme catalyzed reactions-Michealis-Menten equation for single substrate reaction; concept of substrate and substrat; enzyme complex. Evaluation of kinetic parameters in M-M equation. Substrate inhibition and activation. Feedback inhibition. Competitive and non-competitive inhibition. Enzyme activation and inhibition (.no derivation). Study of parameters affecting enzymatic activity like pH, temperature and mechanical forces. Production and purification of enzymes. Immobilization of enzymes (physical and chemical methods). Applications of enzymes as catalysts. Industrial, medical and analytical applications of immobilized enzymes; bioenergetics; energy through EMP pathway and TCA cycle on glucose molecule. Importance of NAD and ATP.
  • Design and Analysis of Biological Reactors: Ideal reactors and non-ideal reactors, sterilization reactors, multiphase reactors; packed type, bubble column, fluidized bed, fixed bed (general description). Fermentation technology; design and operation of typical aseptic aerobic fermentation process. Different configurations for fermenters. Product recovery operations filtration, centrifugation, extraction, sorption, precipitation, chromatography and membrane processes. Bio-chemical industry; flow diagrams and descriptions for production of fine chemicals like enzymes, proteins, antibodies, steroids.

Reference Books:

  1. Bailey & Ollis, Biochemical Engineering Fundamentals, McGraw Hill
  2. M.L.Shuler and F.Kargi, Bioprocess Engineering, Prentice-Hall of India
  3. Pauline Doran, Bioprocess Engineering Principles, Elsevier
  4. Perry R.H. & Chilton H.C. (Eds.), Chemical Engineers Handbook, McGraw Hill
  5. ‘Biochemical Engineering’ by A.Aiba, E.Humphrey and N.R.Milli
  6. ‘Bioprocess Engineering – Basic Concepts’ by M.L.Shuler and F.Kargi
  7. ‘Biochemical Engineering’ by J.M.Lee
  8. ‘Biochemical Engineering’ by H.W.Blanch and D.S.Clark
  9. Bailey, J.E. and Ollis, D.F., “Biochemical Engineering Fundamentals”, McGraw-Hill.

 

ACCE-509: THESIS/Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Lab-10.0 Credits

The number of practical courses shall be designed by committee of courses of the department and these exercises/experiments are divided into 04 (four) parts and each part will be conducted under the supervision of a group of teachers as assigned by the Committee of Courses.

ACCE-509: Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Lab/Thesis                            

The number of experiments shall be designed by Academic Committee of the Department. A List of laboratory exercises is given below. These exercises/experiments will be divided into Four Parts and each part will be conducted under the supervision of a group of teachers as assigned by the Academic Committee of the Department.

Part I: Industrial Analysis

  1. Analysis of bio-mass- Analysis of alpha; beta & gamma celluloses in a cellulose sample
  2. Analysis of textile fibres – Cotton; wool; silk etc.
  3. Testing of pulp and paper
  4. Testing of plastics and rubber.
  5. Analysis of water.
  6. Determination of the purity of the supplied sample of urea.

Identification of functional groups in polymers.

  1. Determination of the percentage of formaldehyde in the supplied formalin solution

Part II: Chemical Engineering

  1. To determine the effect of viscosity index improver (polymethacrylate) on the viscosity index of Motor oil.
  2. To determine the boiling range of kerosene and calculate the amount recovered and distillation loss for the given sample of kerosene. Also determine the percentage of purity of the product.
  3. Extractive distillation for separation of aromatics from non-aromatics.
  4. Determination of Octane number of gasoline
  5. Determination of Cetane number of diesel fuel.
  6. Determination of functional group of mineral and synthetic oil with the help of IR.
  7. To determine the flash point of the given liquid fuel.
  8. To determine aniline point of an oil.
  9. To determine the diesel index of the given oil sample.
  10. Separation of petroleum products by chromatography.
  11. Solvent extraction of aromatics from a given mixture of aromatics and paraffins.
  12. TBP distillation of BTX mixture.
  13. Catalytic hydrodesulphurization.
  14. Catalytic cracking of petroleum products.

Part III: Fuel  & Petro-Chemical Engineering

  1. Calorific values of gaseous fuels.
    To determine the calorific value of a gaseous fuel from the rise of temperature and volume of water heated.
  1. Proximate analysis of coal.
    To determine the proximate analysis of the given coal sample.
  1. Calorific value of solid fuel.
    To determine the calorific value of coal by Bomb calorimeter.
  1. Conradson carbon residue test.
    To determine the carbon residue for the sample of the given oil.
  1. Chlorination of alkylaromatic compounds.
  2. Separation of petroleum products by chromatography.
  3. Synthesis of detergent of the alkylsulphate type.

Part IV: Pharmaceutical Quality Control

Qualitative and quantitative analyses of pharmaceutical raw materials and finished drugs involving:

Appearances, solubility, identification, pH of aqueous solution, Potency determination by titrimetric, spectrophotometric and HPLC method of both active ingredients and excepients.

 

Active ingredients: Paracetamol, Amoxycillin, Loratidine, Ciprofloxacin, Diclofenac sodium etc.

Excepients: Maize starch, Lactose, Povidone, Microcrystalline cellulose, Sorbitol etc.

ACCE-510: In Plant Training            4.0 Credits

Viva-Voce 2.0 Credits